Volume 5, Issue 4, Autumn 2016, Page 299-455


The leadership behaviour of the accounting students: A dilemma for higher education

Adriana Burlea Schiopoiu; Magdalena Mihai; Laurentiu Mihai

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 299-306
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60441

The place and the importance of the accountant in the organisation is not related to a decision-making position and for this reason the accounting students do not identify themselves as leaders in their future career. Motivated by this assumption, the current study aimed to investigate the relationship between faculty curriculum and accounting students career choice and to find out that it is whether a faculty curriculum influence the leadership behaviour of the accounting students. We applied the leadership theory to the accounting students and expected that the faculty curriculum-leadership behaviour of the accounting students’ linkage might differ due to the labour market development and business environment. Our systematic approach conducted to a concept map of the factors which influence the accounting students’ leadership behaviour. This map gives us a general view of the principal factors which can contribute to the improvement of the leadership behaviour of the undergraduate accounting students. The results extend the leadership theory argument that the leadership behaviour resulting from the interaction between the accounting students and the professors affect the accounting students’ career choice. Given the support for our hypotheses, we suggest that the development of the faculty curriculum with disciplines which develop the leadership behaviour of the accounting students are needed to understand and improve the leadership implications of the accounting students’ behaviour. Our findings offer a new approach for the undergraduate accounting students, because they have the possibility to discover and develop their leadership competences in a strong relationship with increasing their professional quality when they asses the path of their career. 

Strategic entrepreneurship and dynamic flexibility: Towards an integrative framework

Pereira Renato; Omar M. Naguib

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 307-312
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60286

Strategic entrepreneurship is a growing field within both Entrepreneurship and Management Science. Dynamic flexibility is a concept originally developed to resolve general business issues (Apter, 1985) and later enhanced to address specific strategic management challenges. Strategic Entrepreneurship deals with a singular strategic management response which is to achieve superior performance via simultaneous opportunity-seeking and advantage-seeking activities (Ireland, Hitt, & Simon, 2003). The process of maintaining superior performance is certainly a longitudinal one and requires capabilities on both those dimensions (Ireland & Webb, 2007). In this paper, we propose the use of dynamic flexibility as a useful capability to address strategic entrepreneurship longitudinal issue. By exploring the modulation time response model and different other references from both strategic management and strategic entrepreneurship literature, we aim to establish an integrative framework for dynamic strategic entrepreneurship.

Investigating the impact of competitive strategy, knowledge management and the acceptance of electronic commerce on financial performance (Case Study: Bank Shahr in East Azerbaijan Province)

Seyed Reza Jafarian; Mehdi Zeynali

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 313-325
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60403

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of competitive strategy, knowledge management, and the acceptance of electronic commerce on financial performance in Shahr Bank in East Azerbaijan. The statistical population of this research included all the employees (N=85) of Shahr Bank in East Azerbaijan. Data gathering was accomplished through using a questionnaire which its validity and reliability were measured and confirmed. In order to analyze the data, the inferential statistics, regression, and correlation analysis were conducted. The results indicated that competitive strategy, knowledge management, and the acceptance of electronic commerce have a positive impact on the financial performance of Shahr Bank.

Scientific impact of social science scholars with senate positions at Turkish public universities in 2014

Aziz Kutlar; Abidin Öncel; Ali Kabasakal

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 326-337
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60314

This paper investigated the scientific impact of social science scholars with senate positions at Turkish public universities in 2014. The number of social science scholars within thegiven year with senatorial duties was 967. They had 812 WoS publications and 2868 WoS citations. Public finance administration, law, archeology, politics, art history, and theology departments had the lowest scientific impact while economics administration, social services, psychology, and geography departments had the highest scientific impact. The scientific contribution of such scholars to their universities merits discussion.

Teachers’ perception of organizational culture and trust relation

Ali Riza Terzi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 338-347
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60448

This survey explores the effect of organizational culture on organizational trust. The study group includes 253 primary and secondary school teachers working in Balikesir, Turkey and the study has a descriptive survey design. The data was collected by School Culture Scale and Organizational Trust Scale. The results showed that the duty culture is the dominant school culture. It is the principal that the teachers trust the most.  The secondary school teachers believe that a success oriented and supportive atmosphere exists at workplace and trust their coworkers more than they do the principal. The support and duty dimensions of organizational culture are significant predictors of organizational trust. Based on the results of the study, it can be suggested that school administrators enhance a supportive culture at their institutions. The theoretical significance of the study is that the results of the study will help to better understand the organizational behavior and the practical significance of the study is that these results can be used to increase the organizational efficiency.

Structural and Behavioral Dimensions of Institutionalizing Methods of Organizational Culture Oriented on Human Munificence

Marziyeh Fardin; Nour Mohammad Yaghoubi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 348-359
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60296

According to general administrative policies which are imparted to government organizations, this paper is aimed to identify and prioritize the  institutionalizing methods of organizational culture based on human munificence in structural and behavioral dimensions. This research is an applied research adopting a descriptive-correlational method and survey method. The statistical community of this study consisted of 341 employees of University of Sistan and Baluchestan and among them, 125 employees were randomly chosen. In order to collect data, a researcher-made questionnaire of organizational culture based on human munificence is used. The results of one sample t-test confirmed all identified factors in the model except one of them and this indicated that the mentioned factors can play a role in institutionalizing organizational culture based on human munificence. Finally, these factors were prioritized by using the Friedman test. The results indicated that meritocracy and performance evaluation in structural dimension and accountability. The properties protection which is in behavioral dimension has the most priorities for institutionalizing the culture of human munificence-oriented in organizations.

Nexus between workers’ remittances, unemployment, labor migration and economic growth in Pakistan

Muhammad Asad; Shujahat Haider Hashmi; Saadia Yousaf

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 360-379
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60188

This study examines the relationship between workers’ remittances and economic growth along with labor migration in Pakistan. The study also investigates the relationship between workers’ remittances and unemployment and captures the interaction between unemployment and economic growth. Annual time series data from 1975 to 2010 is used for analysis. Following this, Johansen and Juselius’ (1990) co-integration technique and recursive simultaneous equations model have been applied for analysis. Multivariate and Bivariate Co-integration approach shows that there exists long-term relationship between workers’ remittances and economic growth in Pakistan. Bivariate co-integration presents that economic growth has long-run relationship with labor migration and unemployment. There is long-run relationship between workers’ remittances and unemployment and human capital has long run association with workers’ remittances. Granger Causality test shows that there exist unidirectional causality between workers’ remittances and economic growth. Unidirectional causality runs from labor migration and unemployment to economic growth. Similarly, unidirectional causality runs from workers’ remittances to unemployment level in country. The recursive OLS results manifested that workers’ remittances have significant positive impact on consumption and consumption in turn has significant positive effect on economic growth.

An analysis of the relationship between managers’ ethical leadership style with teachers’ organizational commitment and job burnout

Fatemeh Eslamieh; Amir Hossein Mohammad Davoudi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 380-392
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60398

The present research was conducted with the aim of exposition of the relationship between managers’ ethical leadership style with teachers’ organizational commitment and burnout. The study was an applied and descriptive research. Statistical population included all teachers of guidance school in district four of Tehran which amounted 744 teachers of which 260 teachers (males=177 and females=83) were selected based on Morgan’s table. Sampling method was stratified random sampling based on their gender. For collecting data, three questionnaires, namely job burnout (Maslach & Jackson,1981), organizational commitment (Allen & Mayer, 1990), and ethical leadership which was developed by the researchers came into use. Reliability of  the three questionnaires were acceptable and for analyzing the obtained data, the statistical methods of Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and  regression were used. The results showed that the managers’ ethical leadership style had a positive relationship with the teachers’ organizational commitment and a negative relationship with their burnout. Following this, the results of regression analysis indicated that 64.1 percent of the changes in teachers’ organizational commitment and 48.3 percent of the changes in their burnout could be explained by the managers’ ethical leadership style.

Corporate diversification and firm performance: An inverted U-shaped hypothesis

Sajid Ali; Shujahat Haider Hashmi; Tahir Mehmood

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 393-410
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60389

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between corporate diversification and firm performance in a developing country. Previous studies have found that the mixed results have been established between these two constructs in developed countries such as linear, u-shaped or inverted u-shaped relationship. To this end, a sample of 141 non-financial companies over the period of 2003 to 2013 listed on Pakistani stock market was used to analyze the impact of diversification strategy on the performance of firm. Corporate diversification is divided into two types including product and geographic diversification. The findings of the study demonstrated that an inverted u-shaped relationship existed as performance increased up to a certain level due to the related diversification strategy and then it fell down drastically. It showed that too much diversification creates agency problems and internal inefficiencies. It has implications for agency problems, weak corporate governance structures, and family relationships.

The leadership styles dilemma in the business world

Mujahid Hussain; Hamid Hassan

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 411-425
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60305

The present study is an exploratory study that is conducted in 31 companies of automobile parts and accessories manufacturers located at Lahore, Pakistan to integrate dozens of leadership styles available in leadership literature. Factor analysis technique was used for dimensions reduction. SPSS and smart PLS3 software were used for data analysis. The study identified four basic leadership styles that could represent most of the leadership styles available in the literature. The results resemble leadership studies conducted at Ohio and Michigan State Universities with one basic difference of the dimensions suggested by the researchers to explain leadership styles, which are consultation and the relationship instead of task oriented and relationship oriented dimensions. The concept of representative leadership styles will make it simple to understand and handier to practice leadership styles’ theories. The representative leadership styles will add a new perspective about the relationship and mutual exclusiveness of different leadership styles by looking at the bigger picture that was sketched through micro level studies. Research will help organizations in hiring of new leadership and in the setting priorities of leadership development. Though this study has been carried out in Pakistan but due to the size of the sample and extensiveness of the study its results can be considered generalizable.

Studying the relationship between organizational intelligence and organizational agility of employees of Payame Noor University of Sari

Eshaq Rasouli; Shahla Soodi; Zahra Jafarzadeh

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 426-432
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60218

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between organizational intelligence and organizational agility of employees of Payame Noor University of Sari. This paper was an applied research adopting a descriptive-correlational method and survey design.  The statistical population of this study consisted of all 60 employees of Payame Noor University of Sari which are working since 2015. Due to the limited size of the target population, the total population was considered as the sample. Two questionnaires were used in order to collect data and information. Karl Albrecht’s standard questionnaire with 49 items with five-point Likert  scales which included seven dimensions or components of organizational intelligence namely strategic vision, shared fate, appetite for change, alignment and congruence, spirit, knowledge deployment, and performance pressure. Cronbachs alpha was used as an estimate of reliability. The second questionnaire contains 16 items that assess specific organizational agility. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, and Pearsons product moment correlation coefficient were used. The results of the study showed that there was a linear relationship between two variables of organizational intelligence and organizational agility of employees in Payame Noor University of Sari. 

Subordinate responses to leadership: Evidence from an emerging market firm

Lydia Arbaiza; Jorge Guillén

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 433-442
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60343

This paper was conducted to examine the effect of
paternalistic and Western leadership style using a sample of 326 subordinates.
Due to insufficient number of studies about the type of relationship between
subordinates’ responses and leadership type, this study aimed to determine
whether paternalistic and Western leadership has a positive impact on managing
subordinates. The respondents are employed at a wide variety of firms around
Peru, such as Banking, Informational Technology, Commerce, Supply Chain, Construction
and Law. A quantile regression was conducted to determine the effects of
different types of paternalistic leadership such as benevolent leadership,
moral leadership, and authoritarian on subordinate responses. The findings
revealed that paternalistic leadership had a positive influence on compliance
and gratitude while transformational leadership had a positive influence on
gratitude. The survey was limited to Lima due to the current researcher did not
have access to subordinate interviews throughout the Latin American Region. The
results of this study were relevant to leadership theory and practices that can
be implemented in Peruvian firms

Evaluating human factors effect in reducing helicopter accidents (Case Study: Maintenance division, IHSRC)

Ghassem Farajpour Khanaposhtani

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 443-455
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60371

Flight safety is mostly dependent on repair and maintenance issues which if it is not done correctly, it will lead to accidents at different scales. In comparison, among multiple threats in the aviation industry, tracing a technician’s faults in the repair and maintenance could be extremely difficult. Although most of the times, these errors remain unseen, uncorrected, and hidden and therefore have negative impacts on helicopter safety. Thus, analyses of these various factors which influence human performance help people to work in close collaboration with each other more effectively. In this study, we indented to identify human factors influencing repair and maintenance aviation industry and then evaluate the importance and impact degree of affecting factors on each other and helicopter accidents. In order to identify the human factors, some documents such as handbooks, standards, organizational procedures, and relevant literature in this area have been used. Given that the identified factors are not independent of each other and there is a casual relationship between them, a combined method using AHP and DEMATEL for evaluating and determining their importance was used. In this case, AHP determines the effects of factors on helicopter crash and DEMATEL method determines the effects of factors on each other. For this purpose, a questionnaire (comparison matrix) was distributed among some experts. The statistical population included all employees in technical areas, standards, design bureau, and technologies development. In this regard, a kind of survey has been performed with 15 experts in this field. After data collection and data analyses by using the proposed methods, the most important criteria in helicopter accidents was the standards of training and the less important one was related to repetitive and boring nature of these jobs. The other human factors such as fatigue, personal problems, and lack of resource including accessories and components have an equal importance. This study was an applied research adopting a correlational method and survey design.