Volume 1, Issue 2, Spring 2012, Page 33-79


LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE, CREATIVE WORK INVOLVEMENT: THE IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL FORGETTING

Habibollah Salarzehi; Jaleh Farzaneh Hassanzadeh; Habib Ebrahimpour

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 33-44
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2012.60382

Abstract
An increasing number of organizations are turning to knowledge based organizations. Thus, theses firms pay attention to innovation and creativity more and more. Therefore, this study focused on the mediating role of organizational forgetting in the LMX- creative work involvement relationship. Data (N= 418) collected in knowledge based organizations in north of Iran and confirmed our assumptions on the mediating role of organizational forgetting. The indirect relationship between LMX and creative work involvement through organizational forgetting was stronger than direct effect. Our findings, point to the importance of considering the leader-member relationship and organizational forgetting issues for increasing employees’ creative work involvement.

EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR OF AZARBAYJAN-E-SHARGI

Mohammad Hasan Kheiravar; Mohammad Hasan Qazvini

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 45-59
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2012.60342


Abstract
Since employment is one of the core requirements of society, and unemployment is the origin of many economic,
social, and cultural anomalies, the necessity of investigating the current status of unemployment in the province,
aswell as, the heavy responsibility of the central government and local officials to generate employment and alleviate
unemployment comes into prominence. Accordingly, entrepreneurship as a key tool for creating jobs, and reducing
unemployment rate takes on increasing importance among the countrys experts and policy makers. A great deal of
uncertainty surrounding the kind of relationship between entrepreneurship and unemployment exists in developing
countries. Some experts state that there is a positive relationship between these two economic variables, i.e., as
unemployment rate rises, after a few-year interval, entrepreneurship rate also augments. On the other hand, some
experts indicate an inverse relationship between entrepreneurship and employment, i.e., promotion of entrepreneurial
activities brings down the rate of unemployment.
The current study attempted to investigate the relationship between entrepreneurship-with the concept of creating a
new business- in the industry of Azarbayjan-e-Shargi and unemployment rate in this province. Vector auto-regression
(VAR) econometrics was employed in examining this relationship. The findings indicated that, in industrial sector of
Azarbayjan-e-Shargi, an inverse relationship existed between entrepreneurship and unemployment rate.

SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AMONG WORKERS IN INDUSTRIAL UNITS (A CASE STUDY OF INDUSTRIAL WORKERS IN ARDABIL)

Davoud Abdollahi?; Aliathar Ghaffari?; Seyed Hassan Tayyar

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 60-72
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2012.60455


Abstract
Professional ethics is a factor that under influence of external factors and with the help of individual conscience
causes adherence (Dos and Donts) in a person. As Professional ethics beproperly guided and strengthened by
social or environmental elements, consequently, its effects will appear on the output or final product in a
desirable way. This study examines the so cialinfluencing factors on the individual’s level of professional ethics
in the workplace. Datagathering tool is questionnaire; Type of research is causal comparative and the research
sample is consisted of 400 workers in the industrial zones Number One and Number Two of Ardabil. There
search instrument was researcher made questionnaire (including 78 questions), interview and also observation.
Findings show that socio-cultural factors primarily and individual-personality factors in second, affect the
person’s work ethics. In addition, Social factors such as intimaterelationships, Gender, education and skills,
income, religious beliefs and job stability, has apositive impact on a persons work ethics.

ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY, SYSTEMIC THINKING AND SYSTEM MANAGEMENT

Shahram Mirzaie Daryani; Samad Ali; Ahmad Asli-zadeh

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 73-79
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2012.60221

Abstract
Organizational theory, as a field of study, offers to those interested some effective ways of thinking. This
knowledge helps managers make organizational behavior more efficient through analyzing complex situations
and developing effective tools to resolve them. In other words, it opens human mind to different aspects of life
inside and outside the organization. Therefore, the value of organizational theory is in changing managers
thinking ways, thought patterns and performance. But a fact should also be considered, that organizational
theories, affected by the passage of time and existing changes, have transformed and become variant, thus have
not been always neatly compatible with one another. To the extent that, some scientists have considered this
situation as a shaky foundation for a scientific discipline. In the same vein, the present paper investigates
systemic thinking as a new knowledge of organizational theory. The literature indicates that knowing this
thinking is essential and it triggers change in people’s thought and attitudes, as such, organizations
management, i.e., systems management becomes more effective. But through more reflecting, it can be
apprehended that this knowledge is accompanied by some contradictions and complexities that harm its
coherence and scientific message. This situation requires wisdom, reinvestigation and reform.