Volume 4, Issue 2, Spring 2015, Page 100-212

Designing a Model of Organizational Agility: A Case Study of Ardabil Gas Company

Behrooz Razmi; Hussein Mohammad Ghasemi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 100-117
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60224

Organizational agility means the ability of every organization in sensation, perception, and prediction of available changes in the business environment. The importance of organizational agility in a competitive environment is nowadays widely recognized and accepted. The aim of this research was to design a unified theoretical model of organizational agility for Ardabil Gas Company based upon the theoretical principles of organizational agility proposed by Goldman (1995). Organizational intelligence, organizational commitment, and organizational trust were considered as mediator variable and other four essential components of organizational agility such as forming of virtual participation valorize to humanistic knowledge and skills, change readiness, and customers answering were known as dependent variables of research. This is an applied, descriptive-correlation research, conducted by survey methodology. In this study, 568 employees, contractors, and subscribers of Ardabil Gas Company were chosen as the statistical population of the study. For the purpose of the study a questionnaire for data collection was used. Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), it is straightforward to test hypotheses of the equality of various correlation coefficients with any number of covariates across multiple groups. The gathered data was analyzed by using SPSS and LISREL software packages. The results of statistical analysis indicate that organizational trust has a significant positive relationship with organizational agility and organizational trust is the moderator of the relationship between technology intelligence and organizational agility and the relationship between organizational commitment and organizational agility.

Strategic management and its application in modern organizations

Neda Esmaeili

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 118-126
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60399

The aim of this study is to contribute to the existing research in the field of strategic management. The main responsibility of managers in the modern industrial world is to achieve the objectives of the organizations and make the organizations successful.
Accomplishing objectives needs regular planning and continuous improvement of the plans. It also requires knowledge about the internal and external environment of organizations. Strategic management provides the managers with efficient solutions to solve the problems of the organizations through dynamic, provident, holistic, and contingent principles. Strategic management also makes the managers able to develop better strategies for the survival of the organizations through taking advantage of more regular and logical methods. Therefore, this article is an attempt to study different aspects of strategic management through reviewing the related literature and the researchers’ point of view. In addition, this paper tries to consider the importance of implementing strategic management in organizations to accomplish future objectives.

Describing model of empowering managers by applying structural equation modeling: A case study of universities in Ardabil

Maryam Ghahremani Germi; Mohammad Hasanzadeh

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 127-143
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60388

Empowerment is still on the agenda as a management concept and has become a widely used management term in the last decade or so. The purpose of this research was describing model of empowering managers by applying structural equation modeling (SEM) at Ardabil universities. Two hundred and twenty managers of Ardabil universities including chancellors, managers, and vice presidents of education, research, and studies participated in this study. Clear and challenging goals, evaluation of function, access to resources, and rewarding were investigated. The results indicated that the designed SEM for empowering managers at university reflects a good fitness level. As it stands out, the conceptual model in the society under investigation was used appropriately. Among variables, access to resources with 88 per cent of load factor was known as the affective variable. Evaluation of function containing 51 per cent of load factor was recognized to have less effect. Results of average rating show that evaluation of function and access to resources with 2.62 coefficients stand at first level. Due to this, they had great impact on managers empowerment. The results of the analysis provided compelling evidence that model of empowering managers was desirable at Ardabil universities.

The effect of social capital on organizational citizenship behavior: A case study of employees in Mashhad Municipality

Hossein Amintojjar; Gholamabbas Shekari; Mohammadreza Zabihi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 144-153
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60251

Social capital is one of the key concepts in the success of employees and organizations in the third millennium. This study aimed to investigate whether there was a meaningful relation between social capital and different dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) including helpful behavior, magnanimity, loyalty, obedience, self initiative, civil behavior, and self development.  The study followed a descriptive and statistical method. The data for the present study was gathered through library research and using standard OCB questionnaire and social capital questionnaire. The findings of the research indicated that there was a direct relation between social capital and organizational citizenship behavior among employees of Mashhad Municipality.

The effects of financial risks on the relationship between earnings and stock returns

Mehri Akhavi Babi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 154-169
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60379

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of financial risks on the relationship between earnings per share and stock returns. The statistical population of the study consisted of the companies accepted by Tehran Stock Exchange. According to the conditions for sampling, 65 companies were selected during a period of six years from 2008 to 2013 (i.e., 390 fiscal years), and four hypotheses were set forth to achieve the purposes of the study. The first hypothesis tried to assess the relationship between earnings per share and stock returns.
The second, third, and fourth hypotheses investigated the significance of the effects of three financial risks, namely liquidity, credit, and solvency risks on the relationship between earnings per share and stock returns. The hypotheses of the study were tested using linear and multiple regressions. The findings of the study indicated that there was a positive and significant relationship between earnings per share and stock returns. In addition, the results proved that the credit and solvency risks had negative and significant effects on the relationship between earnings per share and stock returns, but the effect of liquidity risk on this relationship was not significant.

The interaction of the performance factors in ACHIEVE model: A study in Iran

Nasim Yousef Saber; Seyyed Mohsen Tabatabaei; Abbas Afrazeh

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 170-180
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60205

According to the ACHIEVE model, seven factors including ability, clarity of roles, organizational support and help, incentive or motivation, evaluation and feedback, validity, and environmental factors affect employee performance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interaction among these performance factors. The population for the study consisted of 44 employees in a Web-based software manufacturing company in Iran. Data was collected through a questionnaire relevant to the factors of ACHIEVE. Data analysis was performed using correlation analysis in SPSS. The results of correlation analysis showed that some of these factors had a multiplicative interaction and some others had no interaction. There was also no evidence of reducing interaction. For example, the ability was not
associated with other factors. In contrast, incentive and organizational support had some interactions. The article offers management recommendations for decision-making to improve the performance factors. Following this, identifying the effects helps managers to improve their performances.

Technology commercialization: From generating ideas to creating economic value

Tayeb Dehghani

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 192-199
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60449

Frequent changes in competitors status, technology, and customer interests make it unwise and impossible for companies to rely on their products. Customers always seek to find new products. Consequently, companies should continuously produce and offer superior products to meet customer needs, tastes, and expectations. In fact, every company needs a development plan for its new products. Research has demonstrated that one of the major reasons for rapid development of technology in industrial countries is commercialization of research results. The basis of such commercialization is research-industry collaboration in converting research output into innovation. Today, technology commercialization and its outcomes can provide financial resources required for organizational longevity. The main objective of this article is to propose a model for commercializing research findings from idea generation to initial market entry. We believe that this article can, hopefully, contribute to commercialization literature by acting as a guide to local authorities involved in commercialization cycle.

Implementation of Learning Organization Components in Ardabil Social Security Hospital

Azadeh Zirak

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 200-212
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60395

This study aimed to investigate the implementation of learning organization characteristics based on Marquardt systematic model in Ardabil Social Security Hospital. The statistical population of this research was 234 male and female employees of Ardabil Social Security Hospital. For data collection, Marquardt questionnaire was used in the present study which its validity and reliability had been confirmed. Statistical analysis of hypotheses based on independent samples t-test showed that learning organization characteristics were used more than average level in some subsystems of Marquardt model and there was a significant difference between current position and excellent position based on learning organization characteristic application. According to the research findings, more attention should be paid to the subsystems of learning organization establishment and balanced development of these subsystems.