Keywords : Servant Leadership


How Followers’ Perception of Insider Status Influences the Relationship Between Servant Leadership and Work Attitude?

Shu-Chuan Jennifer Yeh; Wen Chun Wang; Yi-Hsien Wang; Thomas T. H. Wan; Hsueh-Chih Chou

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, In Press
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2022.60623

Servant leadership starts with an individual whose main interests are to serve, inspire and lead followers. Thus, the servant leader is an individual who is always pursuing and looking for better ways to achieve shared goals with fellow workers. The current study investigates the influencing mechanism of servant leadership on job satisfaction based on the social identity theory. Specifically, the purpose of this study is to develop a model of perceived insider status that mediates the relationships between servant leadership and employee job satisfaction. Data were collected from matched 90 leaders and 285 followers from the service industry in Taiwan. To avoid common method variance issue, we collected data across three-time points from two different sources. The statistical analyses included descriptive analysis, correlational approach, confirmatory factor analysis, and multi-level analyses. Using the bootstrapping method, the indirect effects of servant leadership on job satisfaction via perceived insider status were found to be significant. This study underscores the importance of encouraging leaders to engage in servant leader behaviors, thereby enhancing followers’ perception as insiders and improving followers' job satisfaction. Since servant leaders focus on employee-oriented tactics, it is essential to train leaders to enhance followers’ intrinsic motivation and shape their perceptions of belongingness and effectiveness. 

Servant Leadership as Impetus for Teachers' Organisational Citizenship and In-role Behaviours: The Mediation of Felt Obligation

Aneel Kumar; Tayabba Gul Pathan; Hira Rani Shaikh

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2022, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 44-54
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2022.60618

Based on the premises of social exchange theory, this study examined servant leadership as an impetus for teachers’ organisational citizenship and in-role behaviours through the mediation of felt obligation. Although several studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between servant leadership and employees’ performance behaviours, it is unclear why servant leadership would significantly induces employees’ performance behaviours. Data were collected from the teachers working in franchise schools. This study collected primary data using a 5-point Likert survey questionnaire (N=201), ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. A random sampling technique was applied. Results showed that servant leadership is positively associated with teachers’ organisational citizenship behaviour and in-role behaviour. The effect of servant leadership was more on organisational citizenship than in-role behaviour.  Further, felt obligation was found as a bridge thatmediates the relationship between servant leadership and both behaviours. However, like the total effect, the indirect effect of servant leadership was found more on organisational citizenship than in-role behaviour. Overall, based on the social exchange theory, this study offers a mechanism that how the principals of the schools, following the premises of servant leadership theory, induce the teachers through a sense of felt obligation to reciprocate by displaying positive work behaviours.

Servant Leadership: A bibliometric Review

Usama Najam; Norizah Mustamil

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2020, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 138-155
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2020.60501

This study examines the various features of existing servant leadership research by retrieving and analyzing the publications within the social sciences field. The main objective of this study is to review the last 50 years of servant leadership research in the field of social science starting from 1970s till end of 2019. The bibliometric analysis such as bibliographic coupling, co-authorship and co-occurrence analysis was conducted. The study result shows the most researched concept, key authors, sources/journals, institutions, countries and publication within the servant leadership field. This study also highlights the collaborative research networks of servant leadership research existing between the authors across the globe. This study is the first effort to conduct a comprehensive bibliometric review on academic servant leadership literature and also it is the first attempt to map an orderly conceptual structure by applying visualization bibliometric techniques. The major contributions of this study are the results from examining the literature in a structured, comprehensive and objective manner. These results offer the researchers and scholars a guidance to further explore the servant leadership research area in the field of social sciences. This study also provides the researchers to build networks with multiple institutions, countries and authors across the globe that have contributed significantly in this field

A content analysis of servant leadership studies

Burcu Yigit; Serdar Bozkurt

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2017, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 190-196
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2017.60312

The aim of this study was to evaluate the articles has been written about servant leadership between 2000 and 2016 years (until August). For this purpose, four world-known electronic databases were identified in this study. These databases are EBSCO (F = 35), Sage (F = 26), Science Direct (F = 8) and Emerald (F = 27). Generally, 96 articles were gathered from these databases about servant leadership. These articles were analyzed according to journal name, publication year, country, sample size, type of research, data collection tool(s), and data analysis method. Using the content analysis method, the frequency distribution of data, descriptive statistics, and percentage analysis were determined. When the results of the study were examined, it was concluded that the most published journal was “Leadership and Organizational Development Journal” during 2015 and 2016 in the United States. The sample size ranged from 1 to 500. To collect data, quantitative research and survey were used. Factor analysis, correlation, and regression analysis were used to analyze the obtained data.

Servant leadership and organizational identity: The mediating role of job involvement

Mohsen Akbari; Sayed Hesam Kashani; Hani Nikookar; Javad Ghaemi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 41-55
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60185

This study examines the relation between servant leadership and organizational identity and job involvement in Tax office of Guilan in Iran. One hundred and twenty two employees are participated in the study. For this purpose, a questionnaire with three parts was used. The questionnaire included three main sections, namely servant leadership, job involvement, and organizational identity. The analysis of the data obtained through the questionnaire indicated that servant leadership has significant effect on organizational identity and job involvement. Also, job involvement has positive effect on organizational identity. The findings, implications of the study, and suggestions for further research in this field are discussed in detail.