Volume 3, Issue 2, Spring 2014, Page 41-154

Servant leadership and organizational identity: The mediating role of job involvement

Mohsen Akbari; Sayed Hesam Kashani; Hani Nikookar; Javad Ghaemi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 41-55
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60185

This study examines the relation between servant leadership and organizational identity and job involvement in Tax office of Guilan in Iran. One hundred and twenty two employees are participated in the study. For this purpose, a questionnaire with three parts was used. The questionnaire included three main sections, namely servant leadership, job involvement, and organizational identity. The analysis of the data obtained through the questionnaire indicated that servant leadership has significant effect on organizational identity and job involvement. Also, job involvement has positive effect on organizational identity. The findings, implications of the study, and suggestions for further research in this field are discussed in detail.

Developing leadership competencies: Insights from emergent junior talent-intransitions in South Africa

MacDonald Kanyangale; Noel Pearse

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 56-79
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60244

Increasingly, leadership development programs are being challenged to produce robust
evidence of their impact on leadership competencies of participants in South Africa. If used
properly, portfolio assessment of one`s own leadership development journey has the potential
to depict not just learning achievement, but also leadership growth and development. A
multinational corporation in South Africa outsourced to a business school a program to
develop leadership of selected 15 high-performing employees who were in transition to junior
management. To the end of this study, qualitative research was conducted to get a complex
and detailed understanding of how these participants perceived and self-assessed their own
development of a self-selected set of leadership competencies over a period of time using
portfolios. As the number was small, all the 15 personal and professional development
portfolios were collected and analyzed using open coding and constant comparison techniques to induce themes. Evidence in the portfolios showed that while emergent junior talents were able to identify specifically the leadership competencies they were developing, they actually had difficulties to capture strong, relevant, and dynamic pathways of how their leadership competencies evolved and developed over time. More importantly, evidence in the portfolio revealed that the internal reward system was less supportive as it valued individual
achievement of own performance target even at the expense of supporting others to develop
their leadership. The lack of support from mentors and colleagues stifled leadership
development of participants. This paper argues that it is vitally important that an organizations
own systems are integrated and coherent enough not to inadvertently impede leadership
development efforts.

The influence of export skills on export performance: A case study of export companies in East Azerbaijan

Roholah Majlesara; Roghaye Afshari; Zahra Ghadimi; Fardin Mohammadi; Nazel Asadi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 80-91
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60411

This study aims to build a theoretical framework that identifies the influence of export skills
on export performance in export companies in East Azerbaijan, Iran. It also inquires into the
priority of the skills. The data obtained by a questionnaire filled in by 65 producing-exporting
companies in East Azerbaijan. The results of the data analysis indicated that export skills have
significant influence on export performance of producing-exporting companies. Based on the
results of the data analysis it can be argued that international finance and risk management
skills, international trade research skills, international marketing skills, and international trade
regulations skills are the most effective factors in export performance. The findings of the
study and their implications are explained in detail.

The art of packaging: An investigation into the role of color in packaging, marketing, and branding

Behzad Mohebbi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 92-102
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60248

The purpose of this study is to contribute to the existing research in the field of packaging
and marketing and shed more light on the psychology of colors and their effect on packaging
and marketing. Nowadays, packaging is proved to be one of the significant factors in the
success of promoting product sale. However, there is a perceived gap with respect to the
different aspects of packaging, in particular the graphics, design, and color of packaging. The
current study provides a comprehensive overview of packaging. It elaborates on different
aspects of packaging and summarizes the findings of the most recent research conducted to
date probing into packaging from different perspectives. It also discusses the role of color,
i.e., the psychology of colors, and graphics in packaging and product sale. It is argued that
graphics and color play key roles in promoting product sale and designers and marketers
should attach a great deal of importance to color in packaging. The implications for
producers, marketers, practitioners, and researchers are discussed in detail and suggestions
for future research are provided.

Identification and comparison of structural factors of innovation capability in ESCO with desirable status

Fatemeh Jalali; Abbas Khamseh

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 103-113
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60239

The present study describes the identification and comparison of structural factors of innovation capability in Esfahan Steel Company (ESCO). Innovation is a crucial factor in growth, success, and survival of organizations. Since the innovation for organizations is not possible without the level of innovation capabilities and the need for steel products and imports of goods from developed countries has greatly increased, this study intends to investigate the factors affecting the subject that may be able to increase the production and reduce the need to import it. Evaluation of the innovation capability factors of ESCO compared with its desired status in industry can help companies develop innovative strategies and also achieve organizational goals. Statistical analysis methods and mean comparison test by examining the structure of the innovation capability in the form of a standard questionnaire was employed. The findings suggest that the innovation capability in the existing situation of ESCO in comparison with the desired situation is significantly different.

The effect of in-service entrepreneurship training on mass media managers’ entrepreneurship: A case study of IRIB

Hassan Motaharrad; Hamid Reza Arasteh; Parivash Jafari

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 114-126
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60433

This study investigates the impact of in-service entrepreneurship training on the improvement of mass media managers’ entrepreneurship in Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB), Tehran, Iran. Features of corporate entrepreneurship were regarded as four dimensions of creativity and innovation, risk-taking, perseverance, and competitive spirit. Also, we examined the effect of entrepreneurship training on corporate entrepreneurship. To collect the data, we developed a questionnaire. Forty four production managers of IRIB volunteered tofill in the questionnaire. However, 4 persons were excluded from the group due to incomplete completion of the questionnaire and treatment which made the participants 40 people. The participants were randomly assigned to two participating groups. To test the hypotheses,
variance and multi-covariance tests were applied. The analysis of the data obtained showed that the entrepreneurship training has significant effect on creativity, risk-taking, perseverance, and competitive spirit.

A new Integration Model to Evaluate Strategic Performance of Supply Chain

Gholamreza Gholampour; Abdul Rahman Bin Rahim

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 127-140
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60274

Nowadays, Supply Chain Management (SCM) is one of the most important and complex issues for automakers in the world. The main objectives of this research were to investigate the factors that predict strategic performance of supply chain by doing quantitative research at Iran Khodro Company (IKCO) in Iran. Based on supply chain theories, strategic performance of supply chain was predicted by Information Technology (IT), Organizational Learning (OL), and Product Innovation (PRI) in our research at the first time in an automotive company. Stratified random sampling was used to determine the sample size. Accordingly, 250 questionnaires were distributed among experts and supply chain specialists at IKCO. According to Supplying Automotive Parts Company (SPSC) variable as the main dependent variable, Path Analysis (PA) technique was used to explore casual relationships among variables using multiple regression analysis in SPSS. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was utilized based on Maximum Likelihood (ML) analysis of normality, outliers, composite reliability, and validity to test hypotheses by using AMOS. PA, measurement model, and structural model were analyzed in order to examine the conceptual model. The results from multiple regression, path analysis, and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) were same. Thus, all hypotheses were supported by SPSS and SEM analyses. The findings of the study are discussed in detail.

The effect of market structure and risk taking on the efficiency of banks accepted in Tehran stock exchange

Taha Saadati Sharafeh; Sirous Fakhimi Azar

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 141-147
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60190

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of market structure and risk taking on the efficiency of banks accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange. This study was an applied research and all the banks accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange participated in the study and among them, 10 banks were selected as the sample of the study which was examined over the period of 5 years. To test the hypotheses, multivariate linear regression test was used. The current study had one main hypothesis and 4 sub-hypotheses. The findings revealed that the market structure and risk taking had significant positive relation with efficiency of banks accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange.

The role of NGOs in urban management: A case study of Mashhad Gonbad Sabz monuments

Mohammad Mehdi Keykhay Moghaddam; Ali Ghasemi Marghashi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2014, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 148-154
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2014.60182

Among several subsidiaries within a large architectural design, tomb architecture has a great value for all communities. Regarding the value and importance of historical buildings, it is necessary to examine the ways of dealing with maintaining such kind of buildings. The present study aims to assess the maintenance ways of Mashhad Gonbad Sabz monuments through participating in voluntary associations due to its role in the citys architectural and historical identity. It is argued that fundamental changes seem especially necessary in voluntary associations which are used for more efficient protection of monuments.  Due to structural weakness of current management and culture, the implementation of this type of associations is essential.