Keywords : Higher education

The Effects of Adaptive Leadership on Organizational Effectiveness at Public Higher Education Institutions of Ethiopia

Kefale Solomona Nebiyu; Tilaye Kassahun

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2021, Volume 10, Issue Special Issue 2021, Pages 141-159
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2021.60541

This study explores the effects of adaptive leadership practices on organizational effectiveness and the link and prediction of both constructs in higher education institutions located in the Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia. The study adopted a descriptive survey and correlational research design with a quantitative method. The target population of the study consists of 5460 deans, directors, and academic staff members. The sample size was determined to be 620 using a sample size determination formula. A questionnaire with multi-item scales from prior developed models was adapted to gather primary data. Percentages, mean values, one-sample t-test, correlation, and regression analysis were used to examine the data. The findings revealed that leaders practice adaptive leadership at every level because of the current uncertain and dynamic challenges confronting institutions. Furthermore, leadership practice, characterized by adaptation and knowledge building, has led institutions to be effective organizations. The findings also indicate that the constructs have a positive and substantial association. This suggests that the more adaptive leadership is practiced in the institutions under investigation, the higher the goal attainment and organizational effectiveness will be.

Academic Institutions Are No Different to Any Other: Total Quality Management Does Enhance Performance

Elham S. Hasham

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 348-373
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60340

There are many skeptics about the contributions of Total Quality Management (TQM) to education because of its roots in the world of business. TQM says nothing about actual production but stresses the process of management and collaboration within the system to reach quality output. Any quality-conscious organization, despite the nature, should understand this. This paper will not present any innovative ideas but will define TQM and focus on its influence on the various facets of an institution of higher education. TQM helps to provide better services to its primary customers-students and the community.  Moreover, TQM focuses on continuous improvement and growth that can offer an enhanced and challenging learning environment for all involved. Thus, a more effective and efficient corporate culture emerges. 

The leadership behaviour of the accounting students: A dilemma for higher education

Adriana Burlea Schiopoiu; Magdalena Mihai; Laurentiu Mihai

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2016, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 299-306
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60441

The place and the importance of the accountant in the organisation is not related to a decision-making position and for this reason the accounting students do not identify themselves as leaders in their future career. Motivated by this assumption, the current study aimed to investigate the relationship between faculty curriculum and accounting students career choice and to find out that it is whether a faculty curriculum influence the leadership behaviour of the accounting students. We applied the leadership theory to the accounting students and expected that the faculty curriculum-leadership behaviour of the accounting students’ linkage might differ due to the labour market development and business environment. Our systematic approach conducted to a concept map of the factors which influence the accounting students’ leadership behaviour. This map gives us a general view of the principal factors which can contribute to the improvement of the leadership behaviour of the undergraduate accounting students. The results extend the leadership theory argument that the leadership behaviour resulting from the interaction between the accounting students and the professors affect the accounting students’ career choice. Given the support for our hypotheses, we suggest that the development of the faculty curriculum with disciplines which develop the leadership behaviour of the accounting students are needed to understand and improve the leadership implications of the accounting students’ behaviour. Our findings offer a new approach for the undergraduate accounting students, because they have the possibility to discover and develop their leadership competences in a strong relationship with increasing their professional quality when they asses the path of their career.