Volume 7, Issue 3, Summer 2018, Page 211-339

Transformational Leadership through Applied Neuroscience: Transmission Mechanism of the Thinking Process

Solikin M. Juhro; A. Farid Aulia

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 211-229
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60394

The world has changed as we entered the new situation full of volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity. To be able to cope with this situation, an organization has to translate the challenges into a clear vision and action. A leadership style that is agile to adapt with the magnitude and the characteristic of the occurring problem is needed. Transformational leadership is a participative leadership style that is not only able to motivate and drive the organization vertically and horizontally but also always be agile in every circumstance. Thus, the organizational capacity to achieve the shared vision and mission will be encouraged. Applied neuroscience gives an understanding about the activities and mechanism of the brain which improves the required competences of a leader. Therefore, applied neuroscience will help a leader transform the organization. This study shows that applied neuroscience can help a transformational leadership achieve a “physically, emotionally, and mentally safe” state and encourage an organization to transform itself effectively.This study does not only explore a new perspective of transformational leadership issues, but it also provides an important contribution related to applied neuroscience, in particular, mapping transmission mechanism of the brain activities affecting body’s reaction, internally (emotions and hormone) and externally (body reaction), which further affect the transformational leadership behaviors.

Review of the Individual and Organizational Factors Related to Human Resource Empowerment and Designing an Optimal Model to Promote Manifestations of Productivity

Rouhollah Nasiri; Ali Mollahosseini; Sanjar Salajegheh; Ayyub Sheikhy

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 230-239
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60289

Human resources number of important factor and based organizational. Preparation this resource for faced with changes is of particular importance and of organization must in each mission allocated most capital, time and program. The solution to this problem, many organizations have recognized empowerment programs and tried to provide ground for nurturing staff. The relationship between individual and organizational factors in the institute of communications and information technology, the relationship between psychological empowerment responsibilities and not licensed, but the relationship between self-esteem, creativity and internal locus of control and psychological empowerment is confirmed. Relations between all factors include: clarity to goals, access to information, and access to resources, training and the provision of treatment with psychological empowerment is confirmed. Moreover, the relationship between psychological empowerment of human resources productivity showed the effects of lateral relations between all dimension of (including: significance, suitability, effectiveness, autonomy and trust) the effects of productivity is confirmed.

The Role of Work-Group Emotional Intelligence in Learning Organizations: a Case Study of the Greek Public Sector

Christina Arfara; Athanasios Lamprakis; George Tsivos; Dr Irene Samanta

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 240-255
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60383

The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of Emotional Intelligence at work-group level on Learning Organization, examining five dimensions of L.O. according to Senge’s model, within a framework of Greek Public Administration reform. The research was conducted among Greek Independent Administrative Authorities, a modern European institution that among others guarantees transparency and optimum performance, leading to upgraded public sector services. Our research is a quantitative research consisting of 257 valid questionnaires out of a sample of 300 employees. Our research highlights the strong correlation between Work-group Emotional Intelligence and Learning Organization. A constructive emotional climate affects the vision of the organization, while emotions have an impact on employees’ attitudes/behaviours and on the learning process within the group as well as on the diffusion of information. Finally, our research demonstrated that emotional intelligence affects the personal improvement and development of employees. Managers should focus on developing more emotionally intelligent employees by cultivating an emotional environment that promotes positive behaviours, system thinking and group learning. Thus, the benefits generated can be identified at both individual and organizational level, including higher levels of employees’ personal development, better communication processes and implementing the organization’s vision.

Turkish Validation of the Work-Family Conflict Scale

Ilksun Didem Ülbegi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 256-269
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60431

The aim of this study is to translate and validate work-family conflict scale abbreviated and developed by Matthews, Kath and Barnes-Farrell (2010) in a Turkish sample. The present study was conducted in a sample of 317 bank employees. The confirmatory factor analysis revealed two-factor structure work-to-family and family-to-work conflict dimensions of the original scale. The convergent, discriminant, and nomological validity analyses showed satisfactory results. Reliability analyses indicated that the scale had high internal consistency and sufficient item correlations. The findings revealed that the Turkish version of work-family conflict scale is a valid and reliable instrument to examine work-family conflict in Turkish context.

Factors Influencing Entrepreneurial Intentions of Slovak Youth Growing up in Cities and in Villages

Stanislav Kološta; Filip Flaška; Gabriela Nedelová; Alena Kašcáková; Torbjørn Årethun; Jon Gunnar Nesse

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 270-283
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60229

Entrepreneurial intentions and factors influencing them are important in explaining and often triggering the entrepreneurial activity resulting in establishing new business and enabling to employ other people. This is especially important in category of young people. This study tries to explain common and different threats in entrepreneurial education, individual and contextual factors as variables explaining entrepreneurial intentions of youth growing in two different environments – city and village. This study also investigates if young people are willing to start their carrier in place of their birth. Data were collected in two rounds of voluntary anonymous electronic surveys among students, 537 respondents, who have finished their high-school studies. The principal component and regression analysis were applied.  The dependent variable, entrepreneurial intentions, is constructed by combining items that differently measure an individual’s intentions to become an entrepreneur. The independent variables consist of measures for entrepreneurial education, social and cultural capital as well as individual factors as gender, career anchors, proactive personality and others.

Determining the Factors Affecting Individual Investors’ Behaviours


International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 284-299
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60407

Behavioral finance is precisely non-rational behavior of market investors. Behavioral finance theory shows that investors make investment decisions rationally, by intermittent change from the past and that investment decisions can be taken under the influence of some psychological factors. This theory shows how human behaviors are effective in the functioning of investment decisions and that investment decisions can be made in non-rational behaviors. People are determined to invest under the influence of emotions and personal intuitions with models based on rational behavior and investment behaviors. Whether individuals are rational in the economic decision-making process is one of the key points of debate and it seems quite complex to be able to demonstrate this. This study will focus on individuals (investors), one of the economic decision makers. Socio-economic factors, as well as psychological factors, influence the risk that investors perceive in the decision-making process of individual investors. The purpose of this study is to identify stimuli that affect individual investors drivers of financial investment decisions and to consider it in terms of behavioral finance. For this purpose, an individual investor questionnaire has been determined in the field which has previously been validated and reliable. This questionnaire was applied to 200 employees working in private and public banks operating in Aksaray and 177 people were provided feedback. In the case of Aksaray, it has been determined which stimulants are under the influence of predictions, estimates, emotions, personal intuitions, psychological and sociological behaviors of investment decision-making individuals.

Leadership and Organization for the Companies in the Process of Industry 4.0 Transformation

Özlem Akçay Kasapoglu

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 300-308
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60217

The global effect of disruptive technology has brought about huge productivity improvements in manufacturing. The changing and differentiated demand of the customers pushed the industry to improve their production systems in the Industry 4.0 concept for being more responsive to the changing conditions. The increased knowledge level on the data science made the data analytics possible and more meaningful. Industry 4.0 is the common name used to describe the current trend towards a fully connected and automated manufacturing system, or Smart Factory. All production decisions are optimized based on real time information from a fully integrated and linked set of equipment and people. There is an urgency in the manufacturing companies to change their technology, knowledge, and he workforce skills for the Industry 4.0 understanding in order to stay competitive. The transformation process to the Industry 4.0 concept is a strategic decision and it requires leadership to deploy the strategy all through the organization by training from the top to the bottom of the organization.

The Effect of Family, Peer, Behavior, Saving and Spending Behavior on Financial Literacy among Young Generations

Jamal Mohammed Esmail Alekam; Madya Salniza Bt Md. Salleh; Sany Sanuri bin Mohd. Mokhtar

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 309-323
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60258

Financial literacy has become a significant challenge in society especially among the young generation. Financial literacy is about distinct knowledge, behavior and normative influence towards financial literacy affairs. It will help the youthful generation to make good financial commitment. Financial literacy also involves the distinct ability to understand financial idea and interpret data. Hence, the purpose of this study is to assess the height of financial literacy amid the young generation in Malaysia. It directs to developing a unique representation of financial literacy among youthful age as assumed Family, Peer, Attitude, Saving and spending behavior significantly influence Financial Literacy among Young Generations. Considered relationships were tested using survey response from Kedah, Perlis, Perak, Johor and Kuala Lumpur, with a sample of 500 respondents. About 410 answers from the respondents were received. The questionnaire consisted of 42 items. The results revealed a significant positive relationship between Behavior and Financial Literacy. Furthermore, the findings showed that Family/Parental and Peer significantly influenced Financial Literacy. Hence, this study implies that it is related to the public, academic and university administrators, government, and financial advisor to grow the level of financial literacy by implementing several financial educational programmers. Ultimately, this study is considered one of the studies that have contributed to the literature by developing apprehensions of financial literacy.

Hotel Recruitment and Selection Practices: The Case of the Greek Hotel Industry

Alexandra-Paraskevi Chytiri; Fragkiskos Filippaios; Leonidas Chytiris

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 324-339
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60465

Hotel industry, as a service industry, is greatly dependent upon its employees. Recruitment and Selection practices constitute an important starting stage for hotels towards generating an efficient and productive workforce. The present study, by focusing on 5* and 4* hotels, examines the current trends in the implementation and effectiveness of recruitment and selection practices in the Greek hotel industry, controlling for class category, size and ownership. An inferential quantitative research design was used, and an online survey was conducted, using a seven–point questionnaire. The study concludes that hotel industry, at least in Greece, is still using old – fashioned and cost effective recruitment and selection methods. Findings also outline that 5* and 4* hotels do not differentiate their mix of methods used in recruiting and selecting future employees. Internal recruitment methods are mostly considered to be effective in contrast to external recruitment methods. While interviews and reference checks are listed at the top of the effectiveness list of selection methods. The findings of this research enhance industry understanding of the use and effectiveness of recruitment and selection methods and indicate the need for hotels of superior class to re–examine their recruitment and selection methods and adopt more contemporary ones in their mix.