Keywords : COVID-19

Conceptual Fundamentals of Organizational and Economic Mechanism Formation of Economic Sustainability Management of a Telecommunication Enterprise

Svitlana Birbirenko; Svitlana Yevtukhova; Marharyta Chepeliuk; Tetiana Kravchenko; Liudmyla Melnyk

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2021, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 266-277
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2021.60530

Modern telecommunications companies operate in conditions of risk and uncertainty due to both external and internal factors. Due to the influence of various factors, companies may find themselves in a state of crisis due to the lack of a management mechanism, the main purpose of which is to ensure economic stability and efficiency based on sustainable capacity building. This article aims to identify the factors that affect the economic stability of telecommunications enterprises in Ukraine and study their impact on the integrated indicator to form an organizational and economic mechanism for managing economic stability. The study was carried out using the following methods: analysis, synthesis, generalization, systematization, correlation, and regression analysis. The main tendencies of Ukrainian telecommunication networks development are defined in this research. The key structural element of this mechanism is proposed to determine the assessment of economic stability based on the use of a set of balanced indicators. Based on correlation and regression analysis, a significant dependence of the overall integrated indicator of economic stability on the subscriber component, moderate - on the component of internal business processes and staff training and development, and a weak inverse dependence on the financial component. Using multicollinearity proved expediency to check the tightness of the relationship between the analyzed variables in the regression model.

An Evaluation of How Educators in Virtual Teams Perceive Charismatic Leadership During the COVID-19 Crisis

Latifa Attieha; Omar Zouhairy

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2021, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 155-170
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2021.60523

Leadership constituted a topic of high interest for researchers and practitioners alike for years. Numerous studies have focused on leadership styles, particularly charismatic leadership, as an antecedent to organizational achievements. However, most researchers neglected to consider the followers’ perception of their leader’s performance. Understanding and accommodating the needs of the followers is essential to the leader’s success. The current study investigates the influence of charismatic leaders on dispersed teams in non-vocational educational institutions in Lebanon. This quantitative study utilized two structured questionnaires to investigate the charismatic leadership during the COVID-19 crisis from the perspective of educators who work in virtual teams. Five hypotheses on the effect of crisis-bound charismatic leadership on distant educational teams were tested. The relation between the number of years of experience and charisma was not explored since the majority of respondents fell in the category of five years or more at the institution. A total of seventy-seven respondents completed the survey online. Statistical analysis, using the software SPSS-23, showed that neither gender nor level of education affected the followers’ perception of charismatic leadership during crises. Nonetheless, the study findings showed a strong positive correlation between charismatic leadership and the ability to lead in a crisis, concluding that charismatic leaders emerge in times of stress

The Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on Human Resource Operation: Empirical Evidence from the Perspective of Malaysian Retail Employees in Klang Valley

Md Suliman Hossin; Ilham Sentosa; Md Shuhel Miah

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2020, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 304-320
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2020.60513

The aim of this research is to examine the Coivd-19 impacts on the Human Resource (HR)
operation in the Malaysian retail sector, especially in the Klang Valley area. A self
administered online survey was conducted with 330 participants answering. The partial least
square approach to structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was used to investigate the
direct effects of the proposed variables. Besides, the mediation test was used to examine the
indirect effects. The outcomes of the study showed that the current pandemic has an essential
influence on job depression and anxiety at the retail level. Furthermore, the direct
relationship between Covid-19, salary, and layoff is significant, suggesting that COVID-19
is a severe problem for employees' salaries and layoffs. In contrast, the indirect effect of
Covid19, job depression, job anxiety, salary, and layoff confirm a significant relationship
with partial mediation. Job depression, however, does not mediate the relationship between
COVID-19 and layoff. This research only considered Klang Valley area in addition to the
data collected through the convenient sampling method by using an online survey form. The
findings of the study offer an insight into the factors influencing human capital management
and how the retail decision-makers, retailers, retail consultants, and staff should devise a
new approach to adjust HR policies in a ‘new normal’ situation. The study adds to the
existing knowledge about the effect of Covid-19 on job depression, job anxiety, salaries, and
layoffs among retail employees. This study will also provide a source of further research
because the area under investigation is new in the current pandemic situation