Keywords : Organizational resilience

Progressive Convergent Definition and Conceptualization of Organizational Resilience: A Model Development

Eltigani Ahmed; James Kilika; Clare Gakenia

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2021, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 385-400
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2021.60599

This paper aims to examine how the construct of resilience is currently defined and propose a more comprehensive and unidirectional definition, conceptualization, and operationalization for the construct. We applied a rigorous systematic literature review in line with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) selection criteria covering historical currency, topical relevance, and publication appropriateness. We reviewed 1490 articles and publications on organizational resilience generated from a combination of academic databases and search engines. We identified the points of convergence and divergence in the definitions and discussed the implications for theorizing organizational resilience. The thematic descriptive extracted from the selected articles were cross-validated from comparable peer-reviewed papers included in this study. The article departed from common knowledge that organizational resilience is still evolving, and a unified definition is necessary to guide future scholarly works. We attempted to provide a current answer to the question, what is organizational resilience. We proposed that organizational resilience is the process and outcome of strategic preparedness for an adaptive response to disruptive shocks, capitalization on disruptive shocks, instinctive survival, positive transformation, and prosperity through disruptive shocks. We further proposed a conceptual model to illustrate our ideas. This article contributed to the ongoing debate on how organizational resilience should be defined and conceptualized using the most updated systematic review reporting framework.

Shared Leadership and Organizational Resilience: A Systematic Literature Review

Jotham Mukundi Gichuhi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2021, Volume 10, Issue Special Issue 2021, Pages 67-88
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2021.60536

For a long time, leadership has been viewed as a ‘great man’ construct where an individual has the power, qualities, and position to influence others towards the achievement of a given goal or objective. However, that has changed. Heroic leadership can no longer meet the expectations being placed on leadership. Today’s organizations are also faced with drastically changing trends and turbulent landscapes. This has emphasized the need for top-notch leadership to guarantee organizational success in an economically globalized context. There is a growing interest in leadership forms that focus more on sharing the responsibility of leadership between different individuals with different capabilities and qualities. One of these forms of leadership is shared leadership. In today’s turbulent business environment, an organization’s success is determined by its resilience through difficult times. Given that success has been linked to leadership, this systematic review aims to review the extant literature on the link between shared leadership and organizational resilience. The systematic review entailed searching relevant and reliable literature in various databases such as, Emerald, Google Scholar, APA PsycNet, Researchgate, and JSTOR using keywords (shared leadership, organization resilience, relationship, and impact of shared leadership on organizational resilience) primarily through Boolean operators. The initial search resulted in 200 articles, which were filtered using the study’s inclusion and exclusion criteria resulting in 43 articles that were reviewed in this study. They culminated into a proposed integrated model appreciating the urgency of shared leadership in today’s business environment. The review shows that the connection between shared leadership and organizational resilience has not received a lot of attention, making it a potential area for future studies.