Keywords : Job Burnout

Examining the Influence of Workplace Bullying on Job Burnout: Mediating Effect of Psychological Capital and Psychological Contract Violation

Muhammad Ali; Hina Bilal; Basharat Raza; Muhammad Usman Ghani

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1-11
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2019.60467

Workplace Bullying (WB) is a general and severe issue on workplace in the current era resulting in adverse concerns for both employees and organizations. The issue of workplace bullying needs to be investigated on workplaces to identify the adverse effect on employees’ attitudes and behaviors. The study investigates the direct association between linking between workplace bullying and Job Burnout (JB); and indirect association through the mediation of Psychological Contract Violation (PCV) and Psychological Capital (PC). The data were collected by using purposive sampling technique from 310 nurses though self-administered questionnaires employed in public and private hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. The Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) analysis was utilized for hypotheses testing. The outcomes demonstrate that workplace bullying is directly positively related to job burnout. In other words, employees who face the workplace bullying or being bullied experience the burnout. The findings also reveal that workplace bullying indirectly influence the JB through intervening role of PC and PCV. In other words, workplace bullying reduces psychological capital which result in job burnout among employees, and result in psychological contract violation which lead toward job burnout among employees. This study provided initial empirical evidence regarding the intervening effect of psychological capital and psychological contract violation between the relationship of workplace bullying and job burnout. The implications, limitations and future directions are also discussed.

An analysis of the relationship between managers’ ethical leadership style with teachers’ organizational commitment and job burnout

Fatemeh Eslamieh; Amir Hossein Mohammad Davoudi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2016, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 380-392
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2016.60398

The present research was conducted with the aim of exposition of the relationship between managers’ ethical leadership style with teachers’ organizational commitment and burnout. The study was an applied and descriptive research. Statistical population included all teachers of guidance school in district four of Tehran which amounted 744 teachers of which 260 teachers (males=177 and females=83) were selected based on Morgan’s table. Sampling method was stratified random sampling based on their gender. For collecting data, three questionnaires, namely job burnout (Maslach & Jackson,1981), organizational commitment (Allen & Mayer, 1990), and ethical leadership which was developed by the researchers came into use. Reliability of  the three questionnaires were acceptable and for analyzing the obtained data, the statistical methods of Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and  regression were used. The results showed that the managers’ ethical leadership style had a positive relationship with the teachers’ organizational commitment and a negative relationship with their burnout. Following this, the results of regression analysis indicated that 64.1 percent of the changes in teachers’ organizational commitment and 48.3 percent of the changes in their burnout could be explained by the managers’ ethical leadership style.