Keywords : Nurses

Transformational Leadership Spur Organizational Commitment among Optimistic Followers: The Role of Psychological Capital

Chunhui Huo; Muhammad Waheed Akhtar; Muhammad Arslan Safdar; Muhammad Kashif Aslam; Khurram Abbas; Muhammad Hasan Rafiq; Kamran Iqbal; Dr Saad Najim AL-Khafaji

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2020, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 93-104
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2020.60498

The present study aims to investigate the effect of transformational leadership on psychological capital and organizational commitment. In addition, this study investigates the effect of psychological capital on organizational commitment. Furthermore, this study also investigates the mediating effect of psychological capital on the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational commitment under the lens of social exchange theory. Three hundred-fifty survey questionnaires were distributed among employees of the health sector to test the hypotheses of this study. We validated the proposed framework using the mediation technique. The results indicated that transformational leadership is significantly related to organizational commitment and psychological capital. Further, results also revealed that psychological capital is significantly related to organizational commitment. Moreover, the results also showed that psychological capital mediates the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational commitment. This study will be significant for the managers and employees in the health sector who need to understand that transformational leaders promote psychological capital, which ultimately enhances organizational commitment. Healthcare management should arrange training programs on transformational leadership styles for managers because transformational leaders gain their subordinates’ trust due to their devotion and contributions. The limitations of this study and future directions are also provided in the discussion section.

Mobbing and its Effects on Turkish Nurses: A National Literature Review

Betül Sönmez; Aytolan Yildirim

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 178-194
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60341

This review aims to methodically analyze studies regarding mobbing behavior prevalence, individuals performing this behavior and the effects of mobbing on Turkish nurses. Five databases were searched thoroughly on November 2014 with no time limitation to identify the studies in English and Turkish that evaluated mobbing and its effects on nurses in Turkey. Of 71 records found by initial search, only 38 studies met the inclusion criteria. The findings were obtained using the results of 38 studies carried out in the past 13 years in Turkey. Analysis of the incidences of mobbing behavior revealed a broad spectrum, ranging from rarely experiences to 100% experiences. Victims mostly experienced mobbing from their managers, the most common consequence of these actions related to the psychological effects. The high frequency of exposure of nurses to mobbing behavior in such a large sample highlights the importance of considering this issue in terms of individual and institutional consequences that adversely affect the performance of nurses.