Keywords : Centralization


The Effect of Organizational Structure on Organizational Justice Perceptions of Employees

Mehtap Özsahin; Senay Yürür

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 440-453
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60290

The antecedents of perceived fairness of employees about their executives and organizations need to become evident because organizational justice results in both positive and negative changes in behaviours and attitudes of employees. Although, organizational justice refers to the employees’ perceptions about organizational structure and practices, the studies systematically examining organizational factors as antecedents of organizational justice are very rare. In this context, this survey aiming to search the effects of structural factors in terms of centralization and formalization on organizational justice perception of employees is expected to contribute to literature. The survey is conducted on 356 employees of 15 SMEs operating in manufacturing and service industry in Marmara Region-Turkey.  Data obtained from those 356 questionnaires were analysed through the AMOS statistical program. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using AMOS 22.00 statistical programme is conducted to test construct validity and reliability. To test hypotheses, researchers employed structural equation modelling (SEM) with maximum likelihood estimation. Survey findings revealed a positive relationship between formalization level as a component of organizational structure and perceived organizational justice of employees, which is consistent with the previous studies in literature. The finding of this survey revealing a non-significant effect of centralization on procedural and distributive justice is inconsistent with the most of previous studies. However, two surveys conducted in Turkey about that issue had produced similar results strikingly. Thus, findings of a non-significant effect of centralization on procedural and distributive justice but a positive effect on interactional justice may have some Turkish culture-specific implications.

Examining the role of information and communication technology in the organizational structure of the QaemShahr municipality

Alireza Dadashi Jokandan; Majid Fattahi; Seyyedeh Fatemeh Ghane

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 493-501
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60445

In the era of progress and technology development, organizations in order to accelerate the delivery of services, reduce costs, and gain customer satisfaction seek to fulfill these goals through the development of information technology and appropriate organizational structure and QaemShahr municipality is not an exception. In this study, the organizational structure is the combination of the complexity, formality, and centralization and the ICT as a part of an organizational system that is impressive in the effectiveness of the activities is taken into consideration. This study is an applied research adopting a descriptive method. Following this, 100 people from QaemShahr municipality were participated in the study of whom 80 staff were elected as the sample size. To collect the data for examining the relationship between ICT and organizational structure, a researcher-made questionnaire with 0.86 Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and Stephen Robins standard questionnaire to assess the organizational structure were used. To analyze the data, SPSS software was used for inferential statistics. The results indicated that ICT had impact on organizational structure and among the three dimensions of the structure, formality had the highest level of significance with ICT. There is no significant difference in awareness of ICT among women and men as well as the impact of ICT on the organizational structure at different levels in QaemShahr municipality.