Keywords : Turkey

Mobbing and its Effects on Turkish Nurses: A National Literature Review

Betül Sönmez; Aytolan Yildirim

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2018, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 178-194
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2018.60341

This review aims to methodically analyze studies regarding mobbing behavior prevalence, individuals performing this behavior and the effects of mobbing on Turkish nurses. Five databases were searched thoroughly on November 2014 with no time limitation to identify the studies in English and Turkish that evaluated mobbing and its effects on nurses in Turkey. Of 71 records found by initial search, only 38 studies met the inclusion criteria. The findings were obtained using the results of 38 studies carried out in the past 13 years in Turkey. Analysis of the incidences of mobbing behavior revealed a broad spectrum, ranging from rarely experiences to 100% experiences. Victims mostly experienced mobbing from their managers, the most common consequence of these actions related to the psychological effects. The high frequency of exposure of nurses to mobbing behavior in such a large sample highlights the importance of considering this issue in terms of individual and institutional consequences that adversely affect the performance of nurses.

Leader member exchange as a mediator of the relationship between servant leadership and job satisfaction: A research on Turkish ICT companies

Buket Akdol; F. Sebnem Arikboga

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2017, Volume 6, Issue 4, Pages 525-535
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2017.60226

Servant leadership (SL) is a theoretical framework that defines a leader’s primary motivation and role as service to others.  It introduces a holistic approach to work, advocates a sense of community, and promotes the sharing of power in decision making by showing humility, authenticity, and stewardship.  Servant leader also develops and empowers employees by standing back, encouraging to be autonomous, and by forgiving mistakes.  On the other hand, the Leader Member Exchange (LMX) Theory explores the one-on-one relationship between a leader and the individual follower independently, instead of focusing on the general relationship between the leader and the group as a whole.  The objective of this study is to test the effect of SL on job satisfaction (JS) in Turkish business context and to identify the mediator effects of LMX on the relationship between SL and JS by quantitative data obtained from Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Sector companies in Turkey. The multidimensional leadership measure developed by Van Dierendonck and Nuijten (2011), four-dimension LMX Measure of Liden and Maslyn (1998), and short form of Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) developed by Weiss, Dawis, England, and Lofquist (1967) were used as assessment tools on questionnaire. Research results show that there is a partial mediator effect of LMX on the relationship between SL and JS.

Cultural background of governance style and quality in Turkey: An introduction

Murat Ertugrul

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2015, Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 484-492
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60325

Governance is a term that has gained popularity and has been used by academics and institutions such as UN, IMF and World Bank since 1990s. The term may be defined in a broad manner as "the processes of interaction and decision-making among the parties involved in a collective problem”. There are different governance perspectives for different aims. Corporate governance, for example, consists of the processes, customs, policies, laws, and institutions affecting the way people direct, administer or control a corporation. Corporate governance may play an important role especially for the developing countries. They need capital inflows that is affected by sound corporate governance considerably. Turkey is one of the most highlighted emerging economies. In practice, there are some shortcomings in corporate governance compliance in Turkey. In this study, it is aimed to go further than current literature done towards cultural and historical roots which has potentially big impact on the present understanding and compliance of corporate governance in Turkey. The main tool adopted for this aim is closing the gap between respectable studies on the cultural roots of economic understanding of Turkey and studies on corporate governance in Turkey. This paper is presented to share first impressions of this effort.