Author : Muhammad Sabar Wibawa, Widdy

Investigating Work Engagement of Highly Educated Young Employees through Applying the Job Demands-Resources Model

Widdy Muhammad Sabar Wibawa; Yoshi Takahashi; Corina D. Riantoputra

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2021, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 89-102
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2021.60519

This study aims to investigate the applicability of the job demands and resources (JD-R)
model. While prior studies tend to focus on older employees, we investigate the potentially
effective job resources and demands specifically for the highly educated young individuals
that are the future of any organization. We collected primary cross-sectional data from 155
respondents in Indonesia with master’s or doctoral degrees, under 40 years of age, currently
working in public and private sectors. Participants completed an online questionnaire by
following a link distributed by email. PLS-SEM was used to analyze data regarding the
relationships between job resources (perceived organizational support (POS) and employee
voice), job demands (emotional demands), and work engagement. Our results indicated the
relationships for POS positively and emotional demands negatively with work engagement,
while employee voice was not significantly correlated with work engagement. Emotional
demands are considered to be perceived as stress rather than opportunity. Furthermore,
emotional demands did not moderate the correlation of POS and employee voice with work
engagement. A multi-group analysis found no significant differences between employees in
the private and public sectors. The results showed the JD-R model was partially applicable.
This study is one of few seeking to apply the JD-R model to highly educated young employees
in the private and public sectors. The specific results of this study will provide insight for the
organizations employing such individuals.