Author : Avitia Carlos, Patricia

Leading Change in Educational Institutions for Technology Adoption in Latin America

Patricia Avitia Carlos; Bernabé Rodríguez Tapia; Norma Candolfi Arballo

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2020, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 67-76
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2020.60491

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have become increasingly relevant in most work environments and this tendency is expected to continue over time. Therefore, educational systems around the world have made efforts for the acquisition and use of technology. This study aims to identify representative ICT integration programs on education present in recent decades in Latin America, as part of the interpretation and adaptation of public policies to the context. Bibliographic techniques were used to analyze the trends that have been followed in the region in terms of educational management for the adoption of ICT. As a result, more than 70 articles from scientific journals, four databases and three government websites were analyzed. They evidence an awareness of the relevance of ICT for innovation, and the existence of strategic programs for the reduction of access and use gaps. However, it is also noted the existence a challenging context characterized by socioeconomic inequities. In general, the influence of public policy on the promotion of these programs is observed, as well as the need for a theoretical methodological support for the development of an integral management model, in which the technology component does not constitute a parallel item. Management of educational institutions is crucial to normalize experiences and provide references that can be integrated into environmental conditions.