Issue 1

Behaviors of Transformational Leadership in Promoting Good Governance at the Palestinian Public Sector

Mohamed Omar Elmasry; Norhani Bakri

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-12
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2019.60265

Good governance is considered one of the significant requirements for development and competency in the public-sector organisations. However, according to the Worldwide Governance Report, the state of Palestine has been experiencing a poor quality of governance. The motivation behind this study is to seek a more in-depth understanding of determining the role of transformational leadership in promoting the principles of good governance in the Palestinian public sector. This study employed total population sampling with data collected from 342 general managers in the government sector in Gaza strip. Partial least square of structural equation modelling was used for data analyses. Findings of the study revealed a positive and significant relationship between all transformational leadership behaviours and good governance except for inspirational motivation. Also, the findings confirmed that governments, by practising transformational leadership, that, in turn, results in promoting good governance. The current study has contributed to literature by introducing new empirical evidence in organisational studies of the role of transformational leadership behaviours in improving good governance especially in developing countries such as Palestine. Therefore, this study suggests that it is advisable for public organisations to invest in transformational leadership training and encourage all behaviors to improve the level of good governance.

Examination of the Effects of Emotional Intelligence and Authentic Leadership on the Employees in the Organizations

Zafer Adigüzel; Eda Kuloglu

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 13-30
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2019.60412

In the highly competitive environment of the business world, organizations implement human resource policies and practices to increase the motivation and performance of employees. Efforts to keep employee turnover at minimum levels are directly proportional to employee satisfaction and their willingness to stay in the organization. Employees’ dissatisfaction, leaders’ attitudes and behaviours, human resources policies determine the life of the organizations. The increase in the employment turnover rate can decrease the performance of the organization, bring additional costs and cause employee trainings to be ineffective. In particular, the qualified employees can easily leave the organization if they do not like the management approach leads to the formation of different management understandings and perspectives. The leadership style of the managers and the human resources policies can shape the future of the organizations.  Therefore, it is important to conduct studies in this field to help the senior managers to make decisions and demonstrate their leadership roles. The sample of this study consists of 498 white-collar employees working in the private and public sector. The findings were subjected to factor and reliability analyses by using IBM SPSS 23 program. The hypotheses were tested by regression analysis and the results were evaluated and presented accordingly.

Decentralization and Innovative Behavior: The Moderating Role of Supervisor Support

Mahlagha Darvishmotevali

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 31-45
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2019.60204

The importance of innovative behavior for organizational effectiveness has been wildly accepted. Spite of the importance of organizational structure to promote the innovative behavior, little is known regarding the decentralized system in service industry. In addition, the role of supervisor support in such circumstances is highly significant; however, the link between decentralization, supervisory support and innovation is not particularly clear. Therefore, the current study aims to examine the impact of decentralization on employees’ innovative behavior and also to investigate the moderating role of supervisor support in this process. Data was collected from 323 employees from five star hotels in North Cyprus. Structural equation modelling was applied to evaluate the measurements and model’s fit. The study hypotheses were tested using LISREL 8.54. The results revealed that decentralized system has a positive impact on employees’ innovative behavior. Moreover, moderating role of supervisory support in helping employees to achieve organizational innovative goals was significant. The existence of decentralization opens new opportunities for organizations and increases the innovative behavior among employees. Employees who have degree of freedom for decision-making and risk-taking within an organization are more creative, and will take the initiative to seek new and efficient ways and approaches of doing their jobs.

Transformational Leadership and Neurofeedback: The Medical Perspective of Neuroleadership

Rizki Edmi Edison; Solikin M. Juhro; A. Farid Aulia; Puti Archianti Widiasih

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 46-62
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2019.60317

The world is now facing such a volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous situation known as VUCA that it has generated such new challenges. Therefore, it is imperative that a leader to have competences that always grow. Transformational leadership is a type of leadership deemed superior to anticipate those challenges, where a leader is supposed to always be agile in achieving the organizational goals. This study aimed at analyzing a correlation among leadership aspects (through Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire/MLQ assessment), cognitive functions (through Wechsler Bellevue assessment), and brain activity pattern/brain mapping (through Electroencephalography/EEG). Then, we gave a stimulus through neurofeedback to train the participants’ control over their brain waves. The results revealed that all participants that became the research samples had a transformational leadership type with idealized influence (behavior) and inspirational motivation subtypes. Moreover, the presence of stimulation to the brain (neurofeedback) enabled the participants to control their brain waves when they were conscious. The leaders will be able to perform optimally when they can control their brain waves and when they are conscious.

High-Performance Human Resource Practices and Firm Performance: Mediating Effect of Corporate Entrepreneurship

Tugce Hanci-Donmez; Gaye Karacay

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 63-77
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2019.60358

Corporate entrepreneurship (CE) positively affects growth and profitability of organizations by providing competitive advantage over innovation driven technological transformations and intense global competition. CE activities have an elevator role on company performance via adoption of a change-oriented structure and development of new products, processes and services. High performance human resource practices (HPHRPs) help to boost both intra-firm level entrepreneurial behavior, and also organizational outcomes. When combined with the influential effect of corporate entrepreneurship activities, HPHRPs support achievement of better organizational performance. In this study, a selected group of HPHRPs was assessed for their possible direct and indirect effects on firm performance. Moreover, the possible mediation effect of CE activities in this relationship was examined. To test the hypotheses of the study, the data were gathered from a total of 199 manufacturing and service sector companies operating in Turkish business environment. As a result of the structural equation modeling analysis conducted by AMOS, the mediation effect of CE activities between HPHRPs and firm performance was validated within the context of the current study. In addition, the results indicated a varying relationship between different HPHRPs and CE activities. Explicitly, training, clear job description, participation opportunities, employers employment commitment, reward and performance evaluation practices were found to have distinctive effects on innovation, new business venturing and self renewal activities, which act as mediating variables between the selected HPHRPs and firm performance.

The Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction on the Relationship of HR Practices and Employee Job Performance: Empirical Evidence from Higher Education Sector

Muhammad Asad khan; Rosman Md Yusoff; Altaf Hussain; Fadillah Binti Ismail

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 78-94
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2019.60392

The aim of this research is to analyze the effect of human resource practices (HR) on employee job performance under the mediating effect of job satisfaction. A total of 300 faculty members from six public sector universities responded to the self-administered questionnaire. The findings come from both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics using cross-sectional data which was performed at the expediency of the scholar. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed using structural equational modelling (SEM) to obtain the results of the study. This study has found that HR practices: recruitment and selection, training and development, performance appraisal and compensation have direct and significant effect on employee job performance through job satisfaction among the university faculty members. The impact of these HR practices has widely been studied and their importance has acknowledged. However, the number of studies addressing this issue in public-sector universities is extremely scarce. This study has addressed that gap. The findings of the study, if given serious note by the policy makers in the respective field, are expected to improve employee job performance. The study is expected to have enriched the body of knowledge on the mediating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship of HR practices and employee job performance in the target population and has validated past findings.

Linking workplace deviance and abusive supervision: moderating role of positive psychological capital

Basharat Raza; Alia Ahmed; Sabahat Zubair; Abdul Moueed

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 95-111
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2020.60472

Workplace deviance is one of the undesirable behaviors which is responded by employees due to abusive supervision in the workplace. Abusive supervision is one of the crucial topics in the knowledge of the body of management literature. The employees display aggression and retaliation behavior against supervisor interpersonal mistreatment, and ultimately employees engage with deviant behavior. Psychological capital reduces the effect of workplace deviance in the presence of abusive supervision. This study presents a motivational model of how to decrease the effect of workplace deviance in the presence of abusive supervision. The total sample size was 300 pharmaceutical representatives, and simple random sampling technique was used. The structural equation modelling (SEM) technique was used, and the study found that psychological capital moderates the relationship between abusive supervision and employee workplace deviance. Practical implications give few reasons for abusive supervision and guidelines on how to reduce the influence of deviant behaviors and offer new directions for future research and report unexplored theoretical predictions.

How Cultural Differences Influence Conflict Within an Organization: A Case Study of Near East University

Ayşe Gözde Koyuncu; Rufaro Denise Chipindu

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 112-128
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2020.60478

The culture that people come from has played an important part in shaping any society. Culture is of vital importance since it assists in the way people live and articulating the manner in which information among people is administered. Miscommunication often arises due to the differences in cultures that exist that leads to people misunderstanding of other cultural contexts. Individuals from certain cultures may deal with conflict easily while others tend to find it difficult in dealing with it amenably. This leads to the system of sweeping it under the carpet (De Drue, Blom, & Hagendoom, 2007). Conflict is triggered when there are cultural differences between individuals within an organization or through general interaction with one another. This often leads to cross-cultural conflict which generally occurs in the context that individuals are not willing to understand each other’s diversity in cultures. This study examines cultural differences that influence conflict within an organization. Quota Sampling was used as sampling technique. Data was grouped according to ethnicities. The study is qualitative in nature and made use of semi-structured interviews which were carried out with fifty participants from three ethnic groups. Data was analyzed using Qualitative Content analysis. Findings suggested ways that management could reduce conflict by creating an environment where all cultures interact with one another freely.

Reversibility Model against Earthquake based on Resistance Economy Policy: A Case Study in Ardabil

Ali Heidari Anary; Seyedhamidreza Shahabi Haghighi; Sadigh Raissi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 129-148
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2019.60489

Iran is placed among 10 vulnerable countries of the world in terms of threats of natural
disasters. Currently, there is no reversibility model in Iran to return to the normal
conditions after earthquake occurrence. This study identifies and prioritizes effective
elements and develop a top option for designing a reversibility model against earthquakes.
Structural equations modeling technique was employed for overlapping and Topsis
algorithm was used for multi-criteria group decision making to rank the efficient and key
elements for reversibility against earthquake. In designing model, system dynamics was
used in the field of system analysis. As a result, the relief logistic option was selected as the
top option with a large difference from other options. The reversibility model against
earthquake was designed by explaining different dimensions of the top option, drawing a
casual loop and entry of quantitative functions into the mathematical model. The presented
model could simulate the probable condition of crisis management during earthquake
occurrence in Ardabil city by selecting the order of tasks as well as the people and
organizations performing the tasks and optimum allocation of resources. Since the designed
model is completely dynamic, it can be utilized for predicting different earthquake