Issue 3


Identifying and prioritizing the indicators of talent management in recruiting radiology technicians

Sadegheh Hosseinzadeh Nojedeh

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 213-224
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60215

The purpose of this study was identifying and prioritizing the indicators of talent management in recruiting the radiology technicians. The sample for the study was drawn randomly from all managers and personnel of the radiology sector in Ardabil public hospitals. Shannon entropy was applied to weighted criteria. In the next stage, for ranking the indicators of talent management, we employed multi-criteria decision-making techniques of TOPSIS method. Eight indicators were identified and prioritized using the TOPSIS method. These indicators are interest, commitment, skill, specialized knowledge, intelligence, the ability to solve the problem or issue, proper treatment with patient, and relationships with colleagues. The findings indicated that recruiting staff that do their work with love and are committed to the organization tend to be effective in improving hospital performance.

The relative importance of organizational conditions in empowering managers

Maryam Ghahremani Germi; Mohammad Hasanzadeh

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 225-237
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60375

Considering the importance and role of organizational conditions for achieving the empowerment, the current study aimed to investigate the effect of organizational conditions on empowering of managers at universities in Ardabil. This study was carried out through a descriptive and survey method. The population for the study was 220 participants and the managers of Ardabil universities participated in this research. The results indicated that components of organizational conditions had different effects on empowering of managers.
Among variables, evaluation of function, access to resources, and clear and challenging goals were known as effective variables and rewarding system was recognized to have less effect on empowering of managers.

Implementing learning organization components in Ardabil Regional Water Company based on Marquardt systematic model

Shahram Mirzaie Daryani; Azadeh Zirak

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 238-253
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60242

Research and Development (R & D) are indicative of countries advancement and investment in R & D units is considered as a competitive advantage. Nowadays, only countries which attempt to pave the way for rapid scientific advance and economic success through pursuing new technological advances and bridging their knowledge and technology gaps can take part in global competition. The present paper aims at contributing to the extant literature and investigates various R & D success factors and their status in Iran and developed countries including Japan, the U. S., China, and Germany. Then, a contrastive analysis of the countries follows, and ultimately, some suggestions are postulated to develop research status in Iran.
In the light of the results, industrial countries in comparison with Iran view investment in R& D as an indispensable principle of economy and have increasingly developed the requisite infrastructures for its growth as well as full bloom of science and technology.

A comparative analysis of research and development in Iran and four leading countries

Tayeb Dehghani

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 254-273
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60446

Research and Development (R & D) are indicative of countries advancement and investment in R & D units is considered as a competitive advantage. Nowadays, only countries which attempt to pave the way for rapid scientific advance and economic success through pursuing new technological advances and bridging their knowledge and technology gaps can take part in global competition. The present paper aims at contributing to the extant literature and investigates various R & D success factors and their status in Iran and developed countries including Japan, the U. S., China, and Germany. Then, a contrastive analysis of the countries follows, and ultimately, some suggestions are postulated to develop research status in Iran. In the light of the results, industrial countries in comparison with Iran view investment in R & D as an indispensible principle of economy and have increasingly developed the requisite infrastructures for its growth as well as full bloom of science and technology.

An investigation into the effect of quality management practices on the process of knowledge production in industry, mine and trade organization of Ardabil

Nader Fekri Ajirlo; Yadollah Khodaverdi

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 274-285
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60250

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of quality management practices on the knowledge production process in industry, mine and trade organization of Ardabil. Considering the purpose of the study, the present research was an applied research and in terms of method, it was a descriptive and correlational one. The population of the study consisted of all employees in industry, mine and trade organization of Ardabil which included 197 individuals. Cochran’s formula is used to determine the sample size and according to this formula, the number of obtained samples was 125. Simple random sampling used for the sampling of this group. Two questionnaires were used to collect data. For assessing the process of knowledge management, knowledge management questionnaire and for measuring the quality management practices, the standard questionnaire of Saraph, Benson, and Shroeder, (1989) came into use. For data analysis, S statistical software was applied and univariate regression analysis was used to analyze the hypotheses. The results showed that quality management practices had significant positive impact on the process of knowledge production. Also, support components of senior management, quantitative report, employee training, employee participation, product design, quality of supplier, process management, and the role of quality management all had significant positive effect on the process of knowledge production.

Performance appraisal bias and errors: The influences and consequences

Mahmoud Javidmehr; Mehrdad Ebrahimpour

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 286-302
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60464

Individual performance evaluation (PE) provides a link between individual performance and organizational performance. PE is of considerable importance in human resource management (HRM). Lack of evaluation in various organizational dimensions, such as evaluation of resources and facilities, employees, and organizational goals and strategies is considered a serious disadvantage of organizations. Moreover, lack of evaluation in a system is regarded as lack of communication with internal and external environments which leads to organizational senility and, ultimately, death. In this paper a meta-analysis is used to review literature from various sources available on performance appraisal and influences of bias and errors in evaluation in Sabzevar. The results showed that PE system can result in improvement of the performance of both employees and organizations. Decrease in errors and bias can bring about employee performance improvement as well as an increase in satisfaction with and efficiency
of evaluation system.

Effects of stress on auditors organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and job performance

Abolghasem Masihabadi; Alireza Rajaei; Amir Shams Koloukhi; Hossein Parsian

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 303-314
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60353

This study was designed to measure the effects of job stress on organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and job performance. A total of 170 questionnaires were distributed among auditors in the audit institutions in Tehran and Mashhad. To test the hypotheses, path analysis and structural equation and regression were employed. The results showed that the job stress had a negative effect on organizational  commitment and job satisfaction and there was not a negative correlation between job stress and job performance. Job stress via organizational commitment and job satisfaction affected job performance negatively. Also, job stress had a negative impact on job satisfaction via organizational commitment.

The analysis of glass ceiling phenomenon in the promotion of women’s abilities in organizations

Mahboubeh Soleymanpour Omran; Homa Alizadeh; Behrang Esmaeeli

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 315-323
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60323

Women constitute almost half of the workforce of a society and there has been considerable increase in women employment rate in recent years. However, their promotion to management positions has not been very tangible. Gender inequalities in the workplace especially in the
domain of management have resulted in the lack of efficient use of potential capacities of women. Even though the previous research demonstrates that women are not less ambitious than men, wrong beliefs which attribute management to men make a kind of invisible barrier, known as glass ceiling, which prevents women’s promotion to top organizational positions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reasons for the lack of promotion of women to top management levels in the society. It was conducted with a descriptive analytic method through the review of the related literature and emphasis on the concept of glass ceiling to present practical solutions to solve the problem.

The effect of intellectual capital on organizational commitment: A case study of the ministry of economic affairs and finance of Kermanshah province

Shirzad Zeinoddini; Saeid Aibaghi Esfahani; Hossein Soleimani

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 324-341
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60200

This study was an attempt to investigate the effect of intellectual capital on organizational commitment of the staff of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance of Kermanshah province, Iran. The statistical population of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance of Kermanshah was 140 people. Using Morgan Table, a sample of 103 personnel was randomly selected from the population. For gathering data, two researcher-made questionnaires of intellectual capital and organizational commitment were used. The validity of the questionnaires was proved by the favorable opinion of the advisor of the research, and the reliability of the questionnaires was tested using Cronbach’s alpha (α). The estimated values of alpha for the questionnaires of intellectual capital and organizational commitment were 0.969 and 0.935, respectively which clearly demonstrated the reliability of the questionnaires. Also the data were analyzed using statistical software of SPSS 15.0 and LISREL. The results of the study demonstrated that there was a significant and positive relationship between intellectual capital and its components (i.e., human capital, structural capital, and customer capital) and organizational commitment. 

Inefficiency of Malaysian palm oil refineries and the impact of different factors on its inefficiency

Zahra Shahverdi; Suhaila Hj Abd Jalil

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 342-355
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2015.60364

This study aimed to analyze changes in the inefficiency of Malaysian palm oil refineries using DEA window analysis method over the period 1996 to 2009.  We investigated the effects of different factors on inefficiency of Malaysian palm oil refineries. Based on empirical results, the effect of all factors such as vertical integration, types of ownership, foreign investment, location, experience, and liberalization on inefficiency of refineries was significant.  Experience, liberalization, and joint venture between private and public sectors showed an increase in efficiency, while joint venture between local and foreign investment and vertical integration increased refineries’ inefficiency. However, palm oil refineries which were located in the states of Sabah and Sarawak were less technically inefficient than those located in peninsular Malaysia.