Keywords : Motivation

A Dual-Process Account of Major Social Constructs of Motivation: Implications for Leadership Scholarship

Mohammad Zarei; Abdallah Issahaka

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2022, Volume 11, Issue 3, Pages 253-273
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2022.60329

There is inconsistency in positioning general motivation constructs within the broader leadership research. The main purpose of the current study was to review major social constructs of motivation applied in leadership studies and then empirically investigate their associations. Data was collected using self-reported measures from 316 business students to test our theoretical models. Properties of the models, including validity and common method bias, were assessed and controlled before hypothesis testing using variance-based structural equation modeling. This study offers several original contributions. First, reviewing the literature, we identify major social constructs of motivation central to leadership studies including self-efficacy, self-regulation, causal attributions, goal orientation, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Second, applying the regulatory focus perspective, we offer a new taxonomy of the constructs (promotional vs. preventive). Third, using empirical data, we establish a nomological network amongst the six social constructs of motivation. The study yielded an integrative theory of motivation by establishing a network of cause-and-effect amongst six popular social constructs of motivation in leadership research. Two complementary (promotional vs. preventive) models of motivation were developed to predict dimensions of creative outcome (idea generation and exploration). Forth, building on the findings, we provide early evidence for further decomposition of general self-efficacy constructs into “promotional self-efficacy” vs. “preventive self-efficacy”. Implications of the findings for leadership research were also discussed.

Examining the Role of Motivation and Reward in Employees’ Job Performance through Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction: An Empirical Evidence

Kalpina Kumari; Salima Barkat Ali; Noor un Nisa Khan; Jawad Abbas

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2021, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 401-420
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2021.60606

The current research uses the principles of reinforcement theory of motivation and self-determination theory and investigates how motivation and rewards impact on job performance of employees. Motivation and rewards are examined from intrinsic and extrinsic perspectives, while job performance is measured from the task and contextual performance aspects. The mediating effect of job satisfaction has also been investigated between motivation, rewards, and job performance. Using five points Likert scale, the researchers collected data from the managerial and non-managerial staff working in manufacturing and services firms. Non- probability convenience sampling technique was followed to collect 422 empirical responses. The collected data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling technique. The results indicated that reward and motivation affect employee job performance positively significantly. However, the dimensional analysis indicated an insignificant impact of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on contextual performance. Besides, the findings substantiate that the relationship between rewards, motivation, and employees’ job performance depends on job satisfaction. The current research provides valuable insights to senior management of manufacturing and services firms on how they can enhance their employees' job satisfaction and performance by following different motivational and reward approaches in different size firms.

Transglobal Leadership as a Driver for Increasing the Employee Performance

A. Nur Insan; Masmarulan R.; Ashariana .; Nurfatwa Andriani Yasin

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2021, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 54-71
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2021.60517

This study aims to analyze and explain the influence of transglobal leadership on employee
work motivation, the influence of transglobal leadership on organizational culture, the effect
of transglobal leadership on organizational commitment, the effect of transglobal leadership
on employee performance, the influence of motivation on employee performance, the
influence of organizational culture on employee performance, and the influence of
organizational commitment on employee performance. This research is an explanatory study
using a survey methodology. This research was conducted in 42 cooperative units of
government agencies in Makassar City. The population is 418 cooperative employees. The
sample was taken using the Stratified Random Sampling method of 180 people. Data were
collected through questionnaires and interviews. Data analysis used Partial Least Square
(PLS). The results obtained from testing of the seven hypotheses showed that there were six
hypotheses accepted because they had a positive and significant effect and one hypothesis was
rejected because it had an insignificant effect, namely the effect of organizational commitment
on employee performance. Cooperative managers need to pay more attention to relationships
with customers, review fair wages and regulations and rewards to employees, increase
understanding of shared values and meanings, increase understanding of aspects of work, and
improve employee positive attitudes

The Mediation Effect of Leader Support in the Effect of Organizational Commitment on Job Satisfaction: A Research in the Turkish Textile Business

Saadet Ela Pelenk

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2020, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 227-242
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2020.60508

Organizational commitment is a psychological concept that expresses the feelings of belonging and loyalty. Commitment and leader support can increase job satisfaction, but factors such as economic crises, epidemics, globalization increase socio-economic problems such as unemployment and productivity loss. In this context, leader support such as career development, information sharing, feedback and finding solutions to the problem may cause employees to feel valuable and to make effort. This research shows that a leader-manager is the person who not only maintains the current period but also understands employee behaviors and reactions. As an effect of this research, employees do not see their job as compulsory, but find it meaningful and consequently job satisfaction may increase. The purpose of this research is to examine the mediating effect of leader support in the effect of organizational commitment on job satisfaction. For this purpose, a questionnaire was completed by 126 blue-collar workers (N = 150) in textile company in Istanbul. In the analysis of research data, SPSS 21 statistical software and multiple regression method were used. As a result of the research, the mediating role of leader support in the effect of organizational commitment on job satisfaction has been determined. This research, is based on neo-classical management approach, contributes to the scientific management literature and human resources managers in order to increase the productivity of business and employee in cooperation with leaders and employees.

A Cross-cultural Analysis of Management Approaches in Comparison to Turkish and Swiss Companies

Erdem Erciyes

International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 2019, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1-11
DOI: 10.33844/ijol.2020.60483

This research investigates management approaches though a cross-cultural analysis of both Turkish and Swiss companies. A qualitative and exploratory research method was employed. Organizational culture, leadership and motivation have been investigated separately in the research. This approach provided a better understanding for highlighting different parts of both subjects and showed how they were related to each other. While the human oriented leadership types and management approach are beginning to gain popularity in Turkish companies, democratic and participatory types of leadership are more common in Swiss companies. Likewise, McClelland’s need of achievement and Maslow’s need of esteem are the most popular motivational preferences in Turkish companies. On the other hand, Swiss managers prefer McClelland’s human motivation theory in praxis. In addition, the findings of the research indicate that managerial awareness about different nationalities should be increased in both Turkish and Swiss companies. Managers who have high cultural intelligence should be employed and cultural sensitivity should be embedded into corporate culture of the companies. The findings of this research do not present different management systems or develop scientific road maps for dealing with various cultures, however, it emphasizes the importance of showing managerial awareness about different nationalities in the work environment.